The findings from this review indicate that doubling alcohol taxes or implementing minimun unit pricing at a rate of Int$ 0.90 per 10 grams of pure alcohol lead to a 10% reduction in alcohol consumption. Restricting alcohol sales by one day per week resulted in a 3.6% decrease in consumption. Pricing policies had a greater impact on consumption changes among low-income alcohol users.
Authors: Carolin Kilian, Julia M. Lemp, Laura Llamosas-Falcón, Tessa Carr, Yu Ye, William C. Kerr, Nina Mulia, Klajdi Puka, Aurélie M. Lasserre, Sophie Bright, Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst
Publication: eClinicalMedicine, May 2023
This review explores the association between alcohol use and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) excluding HIV. The findings indicate a significant association between alcohol use, particularly heavy drinking occasions, and STIs. The evidence also suggests that alcohol use contributes to risk-taking sexual behavior.
Authors: Laura Llamosas Falcón, Omer S.M. Hasan, Paul A. Shuper, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, Mar. 2023
This study introduces The Simulation of Alcohol Control Policies for Health Equity (SIMAH) Project which employs a unique microsimulation approach to explore the contributions of alcohol use, socioeconomic status (SES), and race/ethnicity to the unequal trends in US life expectancy. The project integrates representative data from various sources into a comprehensive microsimulation model that incorporates changes in SES, alcohol use, and cause-specific mortality associated with alcohol use across different demographic groups.
Authors: Charlotte Probst, Charlotte Buckley, Aurélie M. Lasserre, William C. Kerr, Nina Mulia, Klajdi Puka, Robin C. Purshouse, Yu Ye, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: American Journal of Epidemiology, Jan. 2023
While nationally representative alcohol surveys are a mainstay of public health monitoring, they underestimate consumption at the population level. This paper demonstrates how to adjust individual-level survey data using aggregated alcohol per capita (APC) data for improved individual- and population-level consumption estimates.
Authors: Charlotte Buckley, Alan Brennan, William C. Kerr, Charlotte Probst, Klajdi Puka, Robin C. Purshouse, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, Dec. 2022
This study aimed to quantify disparities over time between educational and racial and ethnic groups in sex-specific mortality rates for opioid, alcohol, and combined alcohol and opioid poisonings in the USA. For all types of poisoning, the analysis indicates wide and increasing gaps between those with low and high education with the largest inequalities observed for opioid-involved poisonings for non-Hispanic Black and White men and women.
Authors: Charlotte Buckley, Yu Ye, William C. Kerr, Nina Mulia, Klajdi Puka, Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst
Publication: BMC Medicine, Oct. 2022
The findings from this review show that daily drinking is associated with a significant increase in risk of liver cirrhosis compared to non-daily drinking, by about 70% for men and about 55% for women. These findings may be explained by consistent exposure to acetaldehyde and other toxins for daily drinkers. The authors conclude that there should be days of abstinence to allow the liver to recover, especially for heavier drinkers.
Authors: Laura Llamosas-Falcón, Alexander Tran, Huan Jiang, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: Drug and Alcohol Review, Oct. 2022
This study evaluates the socioeconomic gradient of alcohol use in low-income and middle-income countries overall and within each country income group. The findings call for urgent alcohol control policies and interventions in low-income countries and lower-middle-income countries to reduce harmful heavy episodic drinking. Moreover, alcohol control policies need to be targeted at socially disadvantaged groups in upper-middle-income countries.
Authors: Yuanwei Xu, Pascal Geldsetzer, Jen Manne-Goehler, Michaela Theilmann, Maja-E Marcus, Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Sarah Quesnel-Crooks, Omar Mwalim, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam, Sogol Koolaji, Khem B Karki, Farshad Farzadfar, Narges Ebrahimi, Albertino Damasceno, Krishna K Aryal, Kokou Agoudavi, Rifat Atun, Till Bärnighausen, Justine Davies, Lindsay M Jaacks, Sebastian Vollmer, Charlotte Probst
Publication: The Lancet Global Health, Sept. 2022
The findings from this study quantify changes in the quantity and pattern of alcohol use over time at the individual level. This information is important for computer simulation techniques to inform their models.
Authors: Klajdi Puka, Charlotte Buckley, Nina Mulia, Robin C Purshouse, Aurélie M Lasserre, William Kerr, Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst
Publication:Addiction, Aug. 2022
The findings from this study quantify the contribution of alcohol-attributable causes of death to changes in US life expectancy between 2000 and 2018 by sex and socioeconomic status (SES). The SES gap in life expectancy increased by three years among men and five years among women, with alcohol-attributable deaths being a dominant driver of this socioeconomic divergence.
Authors: Charlotte Probst, Miriam Könen, Jürgen Rehm, Nikkil Sudharsanan
Publication: Health Affairs, Aug. 2022
The findings from this study quantify the risk of dying from an alcohol-attributable cause of death for unemployed compared to employed individuals. The findings provide evidence that being unemployed is associated with an over three-fold higher risk of alcohol-attributable mortality compared with being employed.
Authors: Celine Saul, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst
Publication: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, June 2022
The findings of this study quantify the temporal trend of the sex- and age-group-specific proportion of suicides that were alcohol-involved in the United States. Between 2003 and 2018, alcohol use preceding death by suicide increased among women compared with men.
Authors: Shannon Lange, Mark S Kaplan, Alexander Tran, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: Addiction, May 2022
The findings of this study show that 66% (men) and 80% (women) of the deaths associated with low socioeconomic status were explained by lifestyle risk factors (alcohol use, smoking, physical inactivity and obesity). Notably, this result was driven by the greater exposure and clustering of unhealthy lifestyle factors among groups with low socioeconomic status, as opposed to an increased vulnerability to unhealthy lifestyle factors among groups with low socioeconomic status.
Authors: Klajdi Puka, Charlotte Buckley, Nina Mulia, Aurélie M Lasserre, Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst
Publication: JAMA Health Forum, April 2022
The findings of this study show that alcohol use disorders increased the risk for incident depressive disorders, but not the converse. Low socioeconomic status was an independent risk factor for both alcohol use and depressive disorders.
Authors: Aurélie M Lasserre, Sameer Imtiaz, Michael Roerecke, Markus Heilig, Charlotte Probst, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: Journal of Affective Disorders, March 2022
This study developed a new computational model which uses psychological theory to model alcohol use. This model will aid future work to estimate changes in alcohol consumption following population-level interventions.
Authors: Charlotte Buckley, Matt Field, Tuong Manh Vu, Alan Brennan, Thomas K Greenfield, Petra S Meier, Alexandra Nielsen, Charlotte Probst, Paul A Shuper, Robin C Purshouse
Publication: Addictive Behaviors, Jan. 2022
The findings of this study show that heavy alcohol use/alcohol use disorders were associated with elevated odds of past-year suicidal thoughts and attempted suicide for both men and women. A linear increase in the risk relationships over time was not found.
Authors: Shannon Lange, Huan Jiang, Courtney Bagge, Charlotte Probst, Alexander Tran, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Jan. 2022
The findings from this study show that suicide mortality rates among midle-aged men and women in the United States have increased between 1990 and 2019. In contrast, during the same period in Lithuania there was a downward trend in mortality rates.
Authors: Shannon Lange, Jürgen Rehm, Alexander Tran, Courtney L. Bagge, Domantas Jasilionis, Mark S. Kaplan, Olga Meščeriakova-Veliulienė, Mindaugas Štelemėkas, Charlotte Probst
Publication: BMC Psychiatry, Feb. 2022
The findings of this study show that individuals along the entire continuum of SES are exposed to increased alcohol-attributable mortality risk. Differences in the dose-response relationship can guide priorities in targeting public health initiatives.
Authors: Charlotte Probst, Shannon Lange, Carolin Kilian, Celine Saul, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: BMC Medicine, Nov. 2021
The findings of this study show that alcohol use is a clear risk factor for the incidence of and poor treatment outcomes from HIV, TB, and pneumonia. Emerging evidence suggests that heavy and chronic alcohol use is associated with an increased risk of acquisition of COVID-19 and more severe disease once infected.
Authors: Neo K. Morojele, Sheela V. Shenoi, Paul A. Shuper, Ronald Scott Braithwaite, Jürgen Rehm
Publication: Nutrients, Sept. 2021
This study provides a review of the dose-response relationships between alcohol use and multiple diseases and injuries which are causally linked to alcohol use. The impact of multiple factors on the dose-response relationship is also described, with a focus on sex, socioeconomic status, and other behavioral risk factors.
Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Pol Rovira, Laura Llamosas-Falcón, Kevin D. Shield
Publication: Nutrients, July 2021
Socio-economic inequalities in alcohol-attributable mortality make an important contribution to socio-economic health inequalities overall. A comprehensive approach to reducing socio-economic inequalities in alcohol-related health requires combining the implementation of evidence-based, cost-effective alcohol control policies with broader policy measures that act upon the structural, economic and social root causes of socioeconomic inequalities.
Authors: Charlotte Probst, Carolin Kilian
Publication: Addiction, March 2021
The findings from this study quantify the dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of liver cirrhosis for men and women. A non-linear dose-response relationship was identified for both men and women, with the risk of liver cirrhosis being higher among women.
Authors: Laura Llamosas-Falcón, Charlotte Probst, Charlotte Buckley, Huan Jiang, Aurélie M. Lasserre, Klajdi Puka, Alexander Tran, and Jürgen Rehm
Publication: Frontiers in Gastroenterology, Oct. 2020
Your donation moves us closer to a future where no one is left behind.
Keep your finger on our pulse – latest CAMH news, discoveries and ways to get involved delivered to your inbox.
Please select a newsletter
Please complete the following:
We look forward to keeping you informed, inspired and involved in all things CAMH.
Every donation moves us closer to a future where no one is left behind.